¿Qué es la Criónica?
The concept of cryonics was introduced in 1962 by the founder of the Cryonics Institute, Robert Ettinger, in his reference book “The Prospect of Immortality”.
The cryonics aims to prevent the biological destruction of people (patients). Extreme cooling technologies are used to preserve the patient. At the end of the controlled cooling process, the biological activity stops (suspended animation). The patient will be kept in this state until it manage to reverse the preservation process and free him from diseases. Improved cryopreservation technologies are used with proven effectiveness in other applications (transplants, fertility, surgery, etc.).
The objective is to keep the patient preserved in optimal conditions until Science can repair or replace vital tissues and, ultimately, revert the cryopreservation process applied to the patient. It may seem an impossible goal to “recover” a “dead” person, however, “dying” is a non-instantaneous process. Most body tissues remain intact at the cellular level even after the heart stops beating. The goal of cryonics is to stop that process as quickly as possible after legal death, leaving doctors with the best chance of recovering the patient in the future. Nowadays, cryopreservation is routinely applied to ovules, sperm, embryos and many human tissues. This technique is, in general terms, very similar for cryonics, although with a much more ambitious scope.
The fundamental objective of cryonics is that people can live longer and better, enjoying the advances of Science and Technology.
The cryopreservation process consists of cooling a legally dead person to the temperature of liquid nitrogen, where practically all the biological deterioration stops, with the aim of preserving the tissues, organs and especially the brain with its associated memories and personality. the most perfect way possible. We call cryopreserved people “patients” because they are biologically alive. We believe that the advances that are being made today in biology, medicine, computers, nanotechnology and other areas point to a future in which Science will be able to recover these patients and restore their health and even youth.
Basically, the goal is to “buy time” until the technology advances can repair and completely restore the human body. The cryonists are people convinced that this future is not only possible, but highly probable and have decided to act in the present to have the opportunity for a renewed life in the future. The essential question about cryonics whose answer people want to know is : works?.
Cryonics is a process divided into two stages: the first stage consists of placing a recently deceased patient in a cryonic suspension, through a process known as “vitrification”, and the second consists of reverting (Devitrification) the state of cryopreservation induced to the patient.
The first stage is already carried out successfully, while the second is still under development, although the Sociedad Criónica considers it very likely to achieve effective devitrification. To reach this conclusion it is only necessary to observe the current trends of scientific and technological development. In any case, for those who want to live longer and better, this is the only option available today.